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[主观题]

Most of the people who appear most often and most gloriously in the history books are grea

t conquerors and generals and soldiers, whereas the people who really helped civilization forward are often never mentioned at all. We do not know who first set a broken leg, or launched a seaworthy boat, or calculated the length of the year, or manured(施肥于) a field; but we know all about the killers and destroyers.

People think a great deal of them, so much that on all the highest pillars in the great cities of the world you will find the figure of a conqueror or a general or a soldier. And I think most people believe that the greatest countries are those that have beaten in battle the greatest number of other countries and ruled over them as conquerors. It is just possible they are, but they are not the most civilized. Animals fight; so do savages; hence to be good at fighting is to be good in the way in which animal or a savage is good, but it is not to be civilized. Even being good at getting other people to fight for you and telling them how to do it most efficiently-this, after all, is what conquerors and generals have done—is not being civilized. People fight to settle quarrels. Fighting means killing, and civilized peoples ought to be able to find some ways of settling their disputes other than by seeing which side can kill off the greater number of the other side, and then saying that that side which has killed most has won. And not only has it won, but, because it has won, it has been in the right. For that is what going to war means; it means saying that might is right.

That is what the story of mankind has on the whole been like. Even our own age has fought the two greatest wars in history, in which millions of people were killed or mutilated. And while today it is true that people do not fight and kill each other in the streets-while, that is to say, we have got to the stage of keeping the rules and behaving properly to each other in daily life—nations and countries have not learnt to do this yet, and still behave like savages.

The first sentence of the passage tells us that ______.

A.most history books were written by conquerors, generals and soldiers

B.those who really helped civilization forward is not mentioned in any history book

C.conquerors, generals and soldiers should not be mentioned in history books

D.history books tells us far more about conquerors and soldiers than about those who really helped civilization forward

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更多“Most of the people who appear most often and most gloriously in the history books are grea”相关的问题

第1题

听力原文:W: Now people are suffering more stress,especially women.I wonder what most peopl

听力原文:W: Now people are suffering more stress, especially women. I wonder what most people can do to relax themselves?

M: Well, I read of a global study about this. According to it, listening to music is what most people do to ease stress.

W: I guess, that's because we have easy access to music via radio, TV, personal CD players and so many other channels.

M: Yeah, and watching TV is listed as the next popular stress reliever, followed by taking a bath or shower.

W: Well, I've heard that it is quite popular in your country for people to consult psychologists and doctors.

M: I'm afraid that's not true. I believe only a few people think it's helpful.

W: I have noticed that our manager always looks energetic, even though he works more than 12 hours a day. Perhaps, he takes some specific medicine.

M: I know his recipe. He likes dancing and often visits bars alone so that he can dance to his heart's content.

W: So that's how it is. But when I feel anxious or exhausted, I prefer to take a walk or read a funny story.

M: That's not a bad idea. Meanwhile, you can find some other ways to relax yourself if they are suitable for you.

(23)

A.Listening to music.

B.Listening to CD players.

C.Watching TV.

D.Taking a bath.

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第2题

听力原文:W: Frank, what' s your impression on English people?M: Well, they axe the most re

听力原文:W: Frank, what' s your impression on English people?

M: Well, they axe the most reserved, the most suspicious, the most unreceptive, the most unfriendly, the coldest- hearted, and the most domineering of all western peoples.

W: Why? It seems you really rejudice against the English people.

M: Not necessarily. This is the judgment by all other European people; Ask a Frenchman, an Italian, a Germen like me, or even an American, what he thinks about Englishmen; and every one will tell you the very same thing.

W: Don' t you have any compliment for the English people?

M: Oh, yes. You would find on the other hand that nearly all nations would speak highly of certain other English qualities--energy, courage, honor, and justice. Although no man is so difficult to make friends with, the friendship of an Englishman once gained is more strong and true than any other. What do you think them anyway?

W: I don' t know much about English people. But last semester, we had a teacher named Mr. McCourt teaching us writing; he is from Liverpool. He is rather silent, reserved, and not amiable. Some of us were really afraid of him. But he was a great teacher, and has taught us many writing techniques. I have made much progress.

M: Then he is a typical English man, for the Englishman of tile best type is much more inclined to be just than he is to be kind.

W: That' s right. Mr. McCourt often told us that kindness is an emotional impulse, and we should be on our guard against every kind of emotional impulse.

M: But with all this, the character is a good one, and its success has been the very best proof of its value.

(23)

A.The Englishmen's habits.

B.The Englishmen's accent.

C.The Englishmen's character.

D.The Englishmen's teaching styles,

点击查看答案

第3题

听力原文:W: Johnny, what's your impression on English people?M: Well, they are the most re

听力原文:W: Johnny, what's your impression on English people?

M: Well, they are the most reserved, the most suspicious, the most unreceptive, the most unfriendly, the coldest-hearted, and the most domineering of all western peoples.

W: Why? It seems that you have great prejudice against the English people.

M: Not necessarily. This is the judgment by all other European people. Ask a Frenchman, an Italian, a German like me, or even an American, what he thinks about Englishmen, and every one will tell you the very same thing.

W: Don't you have any compliment for the English people?

M: Oh, yes. You would find that nearly all nations would speak highly of certain other English qualities—energy, courage, honor and justice. Although no man is so difficult to make friends with, the friendship of an Englishman once gained is more strong and true than any other. What do you think of them anyway?

W: I don't know much about English people. But last semester, we had a teacher, Mr. McCourt, teaching us writing, he is from Liverpool, he is rather silent, reserved, and not amiable. Some of us were really afraid of him. But he was a great teacher, and he taught us many writing techniques. I have made much progress.

M: Then he is a typical English man.

W: That's right. He often told us that kindness is an emotional impulse, and we should on our guard against every kind of emotional impulse.

M: But with all this, the character is a grand one, and its success has been the best proof of its value.

(23)

A.Receptive.

B.Friendly.

C.Impulsive.

D.Brave.

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第4题

听力原文:W: I am really glad our club decided toraise money for the children's hospital, a

听力原文:W: I am really glad our club decided to raise money for the children's hospital, and most of the people we have phoned seemed happy to contribute.

M: Yeah, I agree. Now we have gone through all the numbers on our list now, so I guess we can call it a day.

Q: What does the man mean?

(19)

A.Go home and have a good rest.

B.Call all the people on the list today.

C.Go through ail the numbers on their list.

D.Ask people on the list to contribute.

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第5题

听力原文:W: Welcome to our program, Tom.M: Thank you.W: Tom, how long have you been a poli

听力原文:W: Welcome to our program, Tom.

M: Thank you.

W: Tom, how long have you been a police officer?

M: I've been a police officer for forty years.

W: Forty years. And you've had. different types of assignments on the police force, I guess.

M: Yeah, I've done everything from patrol to undercover work to detective work, and now I'm supervising investigations.

W: Tom I think most people would say that being a police officer is a very stressful job. Would you agree?

M: Yes, it's definitely a stressful assignment you can have.

W: So, what's probably the most stressful assignment you can have?

M: I'd say patrol is the most stressful assignment.

W: That's interesting! In what way?

M: Well, I guess the biggest part of the stress is the fear factor—the fear of the unknown.

W: What do you mean, Tom?

M: Well, in patrol work, you don't know from moment to moment who you are talking to or what their reaction is going to be to justify your presence. Let's say, for example, a patrol officer stops someone for a traffic violation. It seems as though that would be a very low-stress situation.

W: Yes, it is a very low-stress situation.

M: But the truth is, there are more police officers injured during a routine stop.

W: Really?

M: Really! That's why all police officers are taught from the very beginning to be aware of their surroundings. People back over policemen, people shoot policemen, and people jump out at policeman—different kinds of things. So that's probably the most stressful time.

W: I see. Let's take a break and then we'll move on to our next topic.

M: All right.

(20)

A.Friends.

B.A police officer and an investigator.

C.Two police officers.

D.A police officer and a program hostess.

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第6题

听力原文:W: Frank, what's your impression of English people?M: Well, they are the most res

听力原文:W: Frank, what's your impression of English people?

M: Well, they are the most reserved, the most suspicious, the most unreceptive, the most unfriendly, the coldest-h, and the most domineering of all western people.

W: Why? It seems you're you are really prejudiced against the English people.

M: Not necessarily. This is the judgment by all other European people. Ask a Frenchman, an Italian, a Germen like me, or even an American, what he thinks about Englishman; and every one will tell you the very same thing.

W: Don't you have any compliments for the English people?

M: Oh, yes. You would find on the other hand that nearly all nations would speak highly of certain other English qualifies energy, courage, honor, and justice. Although no man is so difficult to make friends with, the friendship of an Englishman once gained is more strong and true than any other. What do you think of them anyway?

W: I don't know much about English people. But last semester, we had a teacher named Mr. McCourt teaching us writing, he is from Liverpool. He is rather silent, reserved, and not amiable. Some of us were really afraid of him. But he was a great teacher, and has taught us many writing techniques. I have made much progress.

M: Then he is a typical English man, for the Englishman of the best type is much more inclined to be just than be is to he kind.

W: That's fight. Mr. McCourt often told us that kindness is an emotional impulse, and we should be on our guard against every kind of emotional impulse.

M: But with all this, the character is a good one, and its success has been the very proof of its value.

(23)

A.The Englishmen's habits.

B.The Englishmen's accent.

C.The Englishmen's character.

D.The Englishmen's teaching styles.

点击查看答案

第7题

听力原文:W: In China, a lot of people get up at about five in the morning. Then they go to
the parks to do their exercises. Many old people do taijiquan.

M: In England more and more people go jogging in the morning, but not so early. Actually at five o'clock in the morning everyone is still asleep.

Q: What do most Englanders usually do at five o'clock in the morning?

(16)

A.They usually go jogging.

B.They usually go to the parks to do their exercises.

C.They usually do Taijiquan.

D.They are still asleep.

点击查看答案

第8题

听力原文:W: What is the most popular comic presently in Japan? Why do you think it is popu
lar?

M: Nana is the most popular comic series because Japanese people can sympathize with this love story. Why Japanese people love comics is probably because riley do not show much of what they think or feel. So, they project their thoughts and feelings in comics.

W: Which part of Japan is the most famous? And why?

M: The most famous part in Japan is Tokyo, the center of modern culture in Japan and all Japanese trends are born there.

W: What is the most important festival in Japan and why does it become so significant for the Japanese?

M: In Japan, the most important festival is the New Year's Holidays. Japanese people visit a shrine on New Year's day to pray for health and good future. Also, family gets together and many children receive money. Also, people clean the house before the New Year and eat toshikoshi soba for long life. And on New Year's day people eat osechi ryori, which is very special and delicious. I like New Year very much.

W: If I want to skiing, where should I go?

M: I think Nagano(长野) is the best place to ski in Japan. The reason is because the Winter Olympics were held in Nagano in 1998. The snow there is very soft and beautiful.

W: What kind of food do you like besides Japanese food? Like American food, Chinese food?

M: Recently, young Japanese people eat with their friends at fast food restaurants like McDonalds or Yoshinoya. There are not many university students eating meals at home. I think that I am the same as those students. Also, Japanese like Italian, Chinese, and Korean food. But I like Japanese food the best because foreign food is too strong for me.

W: What do you think about Junlehiro Koizumi? Is he handsome or look old?

M: I think Prime Minister Koizumi is a progressive person rather than a traditional one. He is active and has made good diplomacy, but his idea of tax increase is not good. I think capitalism is going to do big damage to poor people. Koizmni's capitalism is just like that of President George Bush. Is Koizumi handsome? Well, I think he looks not all that bad.

(23)

A.Nana is the most popular comic series in Japan because it's a love story.

B.Nana is the most popular comic series in Japan because its plot is attractive.

C.Japanese people do not like to express their thoughts and feelings before others.

D.Japanese people love comics because they are very funny and interesting.

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第9题

听力原文:W: Lots of people enjoy dancing in the ball. Why not go dancing with me? I think
it's the most interesting thing in the world.

M:Believe it or not, that is the last thing I'd ever want to do.

Q:What does the man mean?

(14)

A.He believes dancing is enjoyable.

B.He definitely does not like dancing.

C.He admires those who dance.

D.He won't dance until he has done his work.

点击查看答案

第10题

听力长对话2:W: Charles, among other things, you regarded as one of the America’sgreat masters of the blues.

W: Charles, among other things, you regarded as one of the America’sgreat masters of the blues. A musical idiom does essentially about loss,particularly the loss of romantic love. Why does love die?

M: People often get into love affairs because they have unrealisticexpectations about somebody. Then when the person doesn’t turn out to be whothey thought he or she was, they start thinking maybe I can change him or her.That kind of thinking is a mistake. Because when the dust settles, people aregoing to be pretty much what they are. It’s a rare thing for anybody to be ableto change who they really are. And this creates a lot of problems.

W: At 62, you continue to spend a large percentage of your lifetouring. What appeals to you about life on the road?

M: Music, I don’t especially love life on the road, but I figure if youare lucky enough to be able to do what you truly love doing, you’ve got theultimate of life.

W: What’s the most widely-held misconception about the life of a famousmusician?

M: People think it’s all glamour. Actually we have the same troublesthey do. Playing music doesn’t mean life treats you any better.

W: How do you feel about being recognized everywhere you go?

M: You think I be used to it by now. But I still find it fascinating.You go to a little town in Japan, where nobody speaks English, yet they knowyou on side and know all your music. I’m still amazed by the love peopleexpress for me and by music.

Q12: What does the man sayabout most people when they get into love affairs?

Q13: What does the man sayabout himself as a singer on the road most of his life?

Q14: What do most peoplethink of the life of a famous musician?

Q15: How does the man feelwhenever he was recognized by his fans?

点击查看答案

第11题

听力原文:W: Whereas European nations have traditionally employed metric units such as mete
rs and grams, the United States has employed English units such as feet and pounds.

M: Both systems are now in use in the U.S. though.

Q: What are the two people most probably discussing?

(18)

A.Weights and measurement.

B.Political system.

C.Employment.

D.Money.

点击查看答案
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